• <progress id="uc7zz"><track id="uc7zz"></track></progress>

      <rp id="uc7zz"></rp>
      ?
      歡迎您訪問貴州自考網!網站為考生提供貴州自考信息服務,供學習交流使用,非政府官方網站,官方信息以貴州省招生考試院(www.eaagz.org.cn)為準 登錄  網站導航

      貴州自考網

      自考熱線:0851-85766631

      2020年貴州自考英美文學選讀知識點二

      編輯整理:  貴州自考網 發表時間:  2020-11-10   【   點擊數:

      06.Neoclassicism(新古典主義)

      In the field of literature, the enlightenment movement brought about a revival of interest in the old classical works.

      2>this tendency is known as neoclassicism. The Neoclassicists held that forms of literature were to be modeled after the classical works of the ancient Greek and Roman writers such as Homer and Virgil and those of the contemporary French ones.

      3> they believed that the artistic ideals should be order, logic, restrained emotion and accuracy, and that literature should be judged in terms of its service to humanity.

      07. The Graveyard School(墓地派詩歌)

      The Graveyard School refers to a school of poets of the 18th century whose poems are mostly devoted to a sentimental lamentation or meditation on life. Past and present, with death and graveyard as themes.

      2>Thomas Gray is considered to be the leading figure of this school and his Elegy written in a country churchyard is its most representative work.

      08. Romanticism(浪漫主義)

      1>In the mid-18th century, a new literary movement called romanticism came to Europe and then to England.

      2>It was characterized by a strong protest against the bondage of neoclassicism, which emphasized reason, order and elegant wit. Instead, romanticism gave primary concern to passion, emotion, and natural beauty.

      3>In the history of literature. Romanticism is generally regarded as the thought that designates a literary and philosophical theory which tends to see the individual as the very center of all life and experience. 4> The English romantic period is an age of poetry which prevailed in England from 1798 to 1837. The major romantic poets include Wordsworth, Byron and Shelley.

      09. Byronic Hero(拜倫式英雄)

      Byronic hero refers to a proud, mysterious rebel figure of noble origin.

      2> with immense superiority in his passions and powers, this Byronic Hero would carry on his shoulders the burden of righting all the wrongs in a corrupt society. And would rise single-handedly against any kind of tyrannical rules either in government, in religion, or in moral principles with unconquerable wills and inexhaustible energies.

      3> Byron‘s chief contribution to English literature is his creation of the “Byronic Hero”

      10. Critical Realism(批判現實主義)

      Critical Realism is a term applied to the realistic fiction in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

      2> It means the tendency of writers and intellectuals in the period between 1875 and 1920 to apply the methods of realistic fiction to the criticism of society and the examination of social issues.

      3> Realist writers were all concerned about the fate of the common people and described what was faithful to reality.

      4> Charles Dickens is the most important critical realist.

      11. Aestheticism(美學主義)

      The basic theory of the Aesthetic movement—— “art for art‘s sake” was set forth by a French poet, Theophile Gautier, the first Englishman who wrote about the theory of aestheticism was Walter Pater.

      2> aestheticism places art above life, and holds that life should imitate art, not art imitate life.

      3> According to the aesthetes, all artistic creation is absolutely subjective as opposed to objective. Art should be free from any influence of egoism. Only when art is for art‘s sake, can it be immortal. They believed that art should be unconcerned with controversial issues, such as politics and morality, and that it should be restricted to contributing beauty in a highly polished style.

      4> This is one of the reactions against the materialism and commercialism of the Victorian industrial era, as well as a reaction against the Victorian convention of art for morality‘s sake, or art for money’s sake.

      美學運動的基本原則“為藝術而藝術”最初由法國詩人西奧費爾。高締爾提出,英國運用該美學理論的第一人是沃爾特。佩特。美學主義崇尚藝術高于生活,認為生活應模仿藝術,而不是藝術模仿生活。在美學主義看來,所有的藝術創作都是絕對主觀而非客觀的產物。藝術不應受任何功利的影響,只有當藝術為藝術而創作時,藝術才能成為不朽之作。他們還認為藝術不應只關注一些熱點話題如政治和道德問題,藝術應著力于以華麗的風格張揚美。這是對維多利亞工業發展時期物質崇拜的一種回應,也是向藝術為道德或為金錢而服務的維多利亞傳統的挑戰。



      貴州自考網微信公眾號

      貴州自考網課程中心

      貴州自考網聲明:

      1、由于各方面情況的調整與變化,本網提供的考試信息僅供參考,考試信息以省考試院及院校官方發布的信息為準。

      2、本網信息來源為其他媒體的稿件轉載,免費轉載出于非商業性學習目的,版權歸原作者所有,如有內容與版權問題等請與本站聯系。聯系郵箱:952056566@qq.com

      貴州自考便捷服務

      • 微信交流群
      • 微信公眾號

      • 視頻課程
      • 真題下載
      貴州自考概率論與數理統計精講視頻課程

      概率論與數理統計

      貴州自學考試課程:馬克思主義基本原理概論

      馬原概論

      貴州自考課程:中國近現代史綱要課程精講視

      中國近現代史綱要

      貴州省自學考試【思想道德修養與法律基礎(

      思修03706

      貴州自學考試課程【內科護理學(一)】試聽

      內科護理學(一)

      貴州自考文學概論(一)課程精講視頻

      文學概論(一)

      亚洲欧美日韩综合久久久久,伊人色综合久久天天人手人婷,久久久久精品免费福利电影,国产精品久久自在自线不卡