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      2021年4月貴州00838語言與文化自考試卷

      編輯整理:  貴州自考網 發表時間:  2021-08-24   【   點擊數:

      全國2021年4月高等教育自學考試
       
      語言與文化試題
       
      課程代碼:00838
       
      1.請考生按規定用筆將所有試題的答案涂.寫在答題紙上。
       
      2.答題前,考生務必將自己的考試課程名稱、姓名、準考證號用黑色字跡的簽字筆或鋼筆填寫在答題紙規定的位置上。
       
      選擇題部分
       
      注意事項:
       
      每小題選出答案后.用2B鉛筆把答題紙上對應題目的答案標號涂黑。如需改動,用橡皮擦干凈后,再選涂其他答案標號。不能答在試題卷上。
       
      I. Each of the following incomplete statements is followed by four alternatives. Readeach statement and the four alternatives carefully and decide which of the fouralternatives best completes the statement. (20%)
       
      1. "Large C culture" refers to culture in its________sense.
       
      A. narrow
       
      B. broad
       
      C. historical
       
      D. national
       
      2. Communication among people from different cultural backgrounds is called________communication.
       
      A. verbal
       
      B. local
       
      C. intercultural
       
      D. international
       
      3. The chief Christian feast, which celebrates the Resurrection of Christ, is___________.
       
      A. Easter
       
      B. Boxing Day
       
      C. Thanksgiving Day
       
      D. Christmas
       
      4. "Statesman" and“politician" are mainly distinguished by their________meaning.
       
      A. conceptual
       
      B. stylistic
       
      C. reflected
       
      D. connotative
       
      5. In any language, linguistic units are related in____ ways.
       
      A. meaningful
       
      B. careful
       
      C. deductive
       
      D. inductive
       
      6. English verbs may vary their forms to indicate the subjunctive mood which flls into two categories. One is called the present subjunctive and the other the_____ subjunctive.
       
      A. formulaic
       
      B. mandative
       
      C. past
       
      D. perfective
       
      7. "Good night" is usually used as an expression of.________
       
      A. farewell
       
      B. greeting
       
      C. congratulation
       
      D. inquiring
       
      8. It is quite common for a male English speaker to_____ females on their good looks, while it is almost a taboo in Chinese culture.
       
      A. criticize
       
      B. ignore
       
      C. judge
       
      D. compliment
       
      9. As defined in dictionary,________are implied or indirect references.
       
      A. idioms
       
      B. allusions
       
      C. phrases ;
       
      D. proverbs
       
      10. If you refuse to do something, no matter how great the reward and compensation may be,you'll say“__________
       
      A. No man is an island
       
      B. Just what the doctor ordered
       
      C. Not for all the tea in China
       
      D. Not to bat an eyelid
       
      11. The metaphorical expression "Now there is a theory you can really sink your teeth into"indicates that ideas are________,
       
      A. people
       
      B. food
       
      C. plants
       
      D. products
       
      12. Which of the fllowing metaphorical expressions indicates that love is a patient?
       
      A. This is a sick relationship.
       
      B. She drives me out of my mind.
       
      C. He is known for his many rapid conquests.
       
      D. There is incredible energy in their relationship.
       
      13. When“不敢當”is used to respond to“You're one of the top scholars in the field", it might be translated as“___________
       
      A. Not really
       
      B. I'll be glad to
       
      C. You praised me too much
       
      D. I'm honoured, but I'm not sure I'm the right person
       
      14. Which of the following questions is NOT considered taboo in English culture?
       
      A. May I know your age?
       
      B. Do you go to church?
       
      C. What is your nationality?
       
      D. Are you married or single?
       
      15. The logical relationship between the following sentences is the____ relationship.
       
      e.g For the whole day he climbed up the steep mountainside, almost without stopping.
       
      Then, as dusk fell, he sat down to rest.
       
      A. temporal
       
      B. adversative
       
      C. causal
       
      D. additive
       
      16. Which of the fllowing phrases can be used to show additive relations?
       
      A. either way
       
      B. in other words
       
      C. in a moment
       
      D. so far
       
      17. Advertising is the____ communication usually paid for and usually persuasive in nature about products, service or ideas by identified sponsors through different media.
       
      A. interpersonal
       
      B. nonpersonal
       
      C. two-way
       
      D. intercultural
       
      18. A distinctive feature of English brand names is that many of them sound exotic, being words borrowed from other cultures, such as“________
       
      A. Kent
       
      B. Rolex
       
      C. Chanel
       
      D. Salem
       
      19. Facial expressions, postures, and other behaviors that provide information about the emotional states or moods of a person are________
       
      A. ilustrators
       
      B. regulators
       
      C. physical emblems
       
      D. affect displays
       
      20. The distance used by colleagues who discuss academic topics belongs to the,________.zone.
       
      A. intimate
       
      B. casual-personal
       
      C. socio-consultative
       
      D. public
       
      II. Each of the following incomplete statements is followed by four alternatives. Read each statement and the four alternatives carefully and decide which alternatives cancomplete the statement. There is more than one correct answer to each question.(10%)
       
      21. Which of the following are the properties of language?
       
      A. Language is uniquely unhuman.
       
      B. Language is symbolic for its arbitrariness.
       
      C. Language is used for communication.
       
      D. Language is used to understand and describe the world.
       
      22. Among the fllowing words or expressions,“__________” refers to geography related features in English.
       
      A. the Thames
       
      B. kangaroo
       
      C. The May Flower
       
      D. queen
       
      23. English verbs vary in form to represent diferent ________in many cases, with the aid of
       
      auxiliary verbs.
       
      A. meanings
       
      B. tenses
       
      C. aspects
       
      D. actions
       
      24. In English culture, the general rule is to introduce________.
       
      A. a group to an individual
       
      B. an older person to a young one
       
      C.amantoawoman
       
      D. the guest to the host
       
      25. The English idiom“to hold one's head high" is equivalent to"____________” in Chinese .
       
      A.昂首挺胸
       
      B.趾高氣揚
       
      C.鶴立雞群
       
      D.充滿自信
       
      26. Which of the following examples show that the same qualities may be associated with different things in English and Chinese?
       
      A. . That young man is a bear at mathematics.
       
      B. One look at his face and we realized that a thunderstorm was about to break.
       
      C. All the men in our family have been as bald as coots by the time they reached forty.
       
      D. Look at your hands, boy, they're as black as coal一you can't come to the table like that,
       
      27. In English, one can use euphemisms like"__________” to substitute“die" or“death".
       
      A. depart
       
      B. fall
       
      C. go east
       
      D. be with God
       
      28. Which of the following sentences show hypotactic relations?
       
      A.1 think he is right.
       
      B. He bought tea, coffee, eggs, milk, etc.
       
      C. The man ran away when he saw the dog.
       
      D. Bread and butter is my favourite breakfast.
       
      29. The phonetic difference between American English and British English can be found in________
       
      A. this
       
      B. class
       
      C. hero
       
      D. begin
       
      30. Eye behaviors have qualities of___________.
       
      A. saliency .
       
      B. repetition
       
      C. arousal
       
      D. involvement
       
      非選擇題部分
       
      注意事項:
       
      用黑色字跡的簽字筆或鋼筆將答案寫在答題紙上,不能答在試題卷上。
       
      IL. Fill in each underlined space with a proper expression. (20%)
       
      31. Language is vocal. This statement means that_____ is the primary medium oflanguage, while writing is secondary.
       
      32. The drink of spirits mixed with others or with various flavorings is called.________
       
      33. It is often said that English is a language with explicit grammar and Chinese a language with________ grammar.
       
      34. For Chinese learners of English, it is important to note that many casual ________in Chinese cannot be carried over into English and used as greetings when they meet English speakers.
       
      35. The English idiom for something that is inffensive but feeble or colorless is________
       
      36. As one of the commonest figures of speech,__________ is used in the sentence“His wordsstabbed at her heart".
       
      37. In order to avoid sexism,“_________” is used to refer to a male or female who presides a meeting instead of chairman.
       
      38. Only those collections of sentences that consist of sentences.________in certain ways can be regarded as text,
       
      39. The translation equivalent of“運動鞋”is “gym shoes” in British English and________”in American English.
       
      40. Nonverbal communication is anything someone does to which someone else assigns________
       
      IV. Answer the following questions briefly. (12%)
       
      41. List three properties of culture.
       
      42. What is thematic meaning?
       
      43. How did the regional dialects like American English or Australian English come into being?
       
      44. What basic categories can human territories be classified into?”
       
      V. Translation. (18%)
       
      45. green-eyed
       
      46. May I have your name, please? (Note: Translate it into Chinese honorifics.)
       
      47. keep one's nose clean
       
      48.了如指掌
       
      49.金無足赤,人無完人。
       
      50.一他沒告訴你該干什么嗎? 一對, 沒有。
       
      VI. Discuss the following topics. (20%)
       
      51. Compare the following pairs of sentences, find out the contrast of word order between English and Chinese and offer a possible cultural explanation.
       
      (1) The young man who is stting between Mary and John is the editor of our campus newspaper.
       
      (2)坐在瑪麗和約翰之間的年輕人是校報的編輯。
       
      52. Discuss the associative meanings of“red”and“紅”by analyzing the fllowing examples: “紅喜事”,"a red ltter day",“red tape", "waving a red flag”.


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